The indigenous architecture of Iran is a distinct architectural genre characterized by the use of clay and mud-brick as the main building materials. It is also credited for the use of vaulted ceilings by the use of mud-bricks, clay,and baked brick. This genre of architecture is rooted to the Sumerian time (c. 5000 B.C.). Indigenous architecture of Iran has some noted characteristics or landmarks o...
Series: Main Features of The Indigenous Architecture of Iran
Paperback: 274 pages
Publisher: CreateSpace Independent Publishing Platform; 2 edition (June 1, 2018)
Product Dimensions: 8.5 x 0.6 x 11 inches
Format: PDF ePub fb2 TXT fb2 ebook
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Such features may be classified as: 1) fillpoosh (squinch) for the circular-based dome executed atop four square walls; 2) majmoo'ah (a complex, a group, or a set; a group of public buildings such as a mosque, a theological school, a tea-house, a baazaar, and a ground water reservoir in one section of a city within a short walking distance near to each other); 3)traditional houses with traditional wooden doors; 4) koochehe (a narrow alleyway) and clay buttress (kheshti saabaat); 5) baadgeir ( a wind-catching or an air-suction tower); 6) traditional tiles and tile-works;7) muqarnass decoration for a vault; 8) baazaar or the traditional shopping center; 9) caravansaries, as stopping lodges in the ancient silk road, for the caravans that were carrying goods and travelers from China to Syria and that were passing through Iran; 10) Castles of Iran; and 11) Palaces of Iran; and 12) art works including wall paintings in the palaces. From about mid-20th century, however, many features of the indigenous architecture of Iran have been abandoned or demolished to be replaced by modern and multi-story buildings. The present series seeks both to put on a record as well as to bring to the attention of viewers a pictorial introduction of the main features of the indigenous architecture of Iran as a unique architectural genre that is weathering a strong wave of modernization. Volume VIII of this series, therefore, is about the traditional shopping centers or Baazaars of Iran, which are reviewed both functionally and structurally (--by pictorial presentations of major parts of the traditional baazaars, including vaulted ceilings of famous teemchehes in the grand baazaars of Kaashaan, Kermaan City, Isfanaan City, Yazd City and Tehran).